Russia’s sea resources

Russia has shores on 13 seas, 12 belonging to three oceans:

• The Arctic Ocean (the White Sea , the Barents Sea , the Kara Sea , the Laptev Sea , the East Siberian Sea  and the Chukotsk Sea ),

• The Pacific Ocean (the Bering Sea , the Okhotsk Sea  and the Sea of Japan ), and

• The Atlantic Ocean (the Baltic Sea , the Black Sea  and the Sea of Azov ).
The 13th, the Caspian Sea , is a separate, landlocked body of water.

The total territory of the sea aquatorium falling under Russia’s jurisdiction is about 7 million km2, while the territory of the continental shelf is about 5 million km2. This is approximately one fifth of the territory of the world’s ocean shelf. The unique sea coast is an important recreational resource and the sea aquatoria are a source of water for industrial purposes. All seas are first of all a source of natural resources — sea products and raw mineral fuels such as oil and gas. Apart from this they are important transport routes. Russia has more than 40 sea harbours and a well-developed navy.

Russian seas of the Arctic Ocean 

Russian seas of the Pacific Ocean 

Russian seas of the Atlantic Ocean 

Caspian Sea 

State of Russia's Sea Aquatoriums 

Preservation of Russian seas 

Participation of the community in the preservation of the seas 

Russia’s seas have the following unique features:

• Unique relic ecosystems in the Arctic (Chaunskaya Guba) and some shallow water hydrothermal colonies in the bays of the Kurile island have been discovered.

• The Arctic Barents and Bering seas as well as the Pacific Okhotsk Sea are the most productive seas in the world — enormous quantities and varieties of fish have been preserved here, mainly cod.

• The biggest variety of fish belonging to the valued salmon and sturgeon families has been recorded and preserved in Russian seas.

• The most important migration routes of sea mammals and birds from the Northern hemisphere pass along the coastlines of Russian seas.

• The basic stocks of commercial fish and seafood, which are of world importance — Pacific salmon, Kamchatka crabs and some other types of cod — are concentrated in the seas of the Far East.

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