Biodiversity in Russia

The Russian Federation still has undisturbed ecosystems — mainly in the northern areas (taiga) and in subarctic tundra of Siberia. Thirty-five national parks and 100 zapovedniks (strict nature reserves) occupy more than 2 percent of the country’s area (about the size of Germany). Russia has the largest forests on the planet — around 22 percent of the world’s forest resources.

Terrestrial zonal ecosystems 

Species richness 

Value of wildlife and its diversity 

Main threats to wildlife 

Wildlife conservation 


Additional information 

The information on the richness and diversity of Russia’s fauna and flora is based on the materials of the first national report of the Russian Federation on Biodiversity Conservation in Russia. <

Biodiversity in the Moscow Region 

Biodiversity in the Leningrad Region